Past Simple

V2

We use the past simple 
1) for an action which happened and finished at a definite time in the past.

The Greens bought a new house last year.

2) for actions which happened immediately one after the other in the past

He painted the walls in the bedroom and then washed his hands

3)  for past habits and states which are now finished. In such cases we can also use the expression used to.

I lived (used to live) in Manchester three years ago.

 Past Continuous

WAS/WERE + Ving

We use the past continuous 
1) for an action which was in progress at a stated time in the past. We do not mention when the action started or finished.

They were having breakfast at 9 yesterday.

2) for an action which was in progress at a definite period of time in the past.

She was cooking the whole morning on Saturday

3) for two or more simultaneous actions in the past

I was doing my homework while my sister was playing with her toys.

4) for an action which was in progress when another action interrupted it. We use the past continuous for the action in progress and past simple for the action which interrupted it.

Jack was walking the dog when he saw Dave.

5) to give background information in the story

The sun was shining brightly. The wind was blowing and the birds were singing when I heard a strange noise.

Past Perfect

HAD + V3

We use the past perfect for
1) an action which happened in the past by the stated time.

Molly had cleaned the room by 7 o`clock yesterday.

2) For an action which happened in the past before another past action. The action which happened earlier in the past is in the past perfect tense, and the action which happened later is in the past simple

The train had already arrived when Sam came to the platform.

The train had already arrived (this action happened earlier that`s why the past perfect tense is used) when Sam came to the platform (this action happened later that`s why past simple is used)

EXERCISES

I. Study the sentences, then match the verbs in bold to their uses.

  1. Carry was sitting by the window when he entered the room.
  2. He was waiting for her the whole evening.
  3. It was raining heavily outside and the wind was blowing. Janice was watching TV when the doorbell rang.
  4. My friend was making a report while his sister was doing the washing-up.
  5. She closed the suitcase, put on her coat and went out.
  6. She worked as a cleaner at a local hospital many years ago.
  7. The children had fallen asleep by ten o`clock.
  8. They took a Maths exam on Wednesday.
  9. We hadn`t received the telegram when he arrived.
  10. We were discussing the novel at that time.

Key
1 g
2 e
3 h
4 f
5 b
6 c
7 i
8 a
9 j
10 d

a an action which happened and finished at a definite time in the past.
b actions which happened immediately one after the other in the past.
c past habits and states which are now finished.
d an action which was in progress at a stated time in the past.
e action which was in progress at a definite period of time in the past.
f simultaneous actions in the past.
g an action which was in progress when another action interrupted it.
h background information in the story.
i an action which happened in the past by the stated time.
j an action which happened in the past before another past action.

II. Study the sentences, then match the verbs in bold to their uses.

  1. He passed an English exam on Tuesday.
  2. I hadn`t read the book by Saturday.
  3. It was a beautiful day. Children were laughing and playing in the street. Suddenly a heavy grey cloud appeared in the sky.
  4. Our father was working at his study while we were sleeping upstairs.
  5. She was working at his French at that time.
  6. The children had a shower, put on their pajamas and went to bed.
  7. They were listening to music the whole morning.
  8. We bought our clothes from second-hand shops 8 years ago.
  9. We were travelling by car when snow began to fall.
  10. When she had closed the suitcase, she put on her coat.

KEY

1 a
2 i
3 h
4 f
5 d
6 b
7 e
8 c
9 g
10 j

a an action which happened and finished at a definite time in the past.
b actions which happened immediately one after the other in the past.
c past habits and states which are now finished.
d an action which was in progress at a stated time in the past.
e action which was in progress at a definite period of time in the past.
f simultaneous actions in the past.
g an action which was in progress when another action interrupted it.
h background information in the story.
i an action which happened in the past by the stated time.
j an action which happened in the past before another past action.

III. Put the verbs in brackets into the past simple, past continuous or past perfect tense.

  1. All my friends (to be) glad to hear that I (to pass) all the exams well.
  2. He (to play) football when he was a student.
  3. It was Sunday. Mary (to read) the book, Victor (to vacuum) the floor. Suddenly somebody knocked at the door.
  4. Jack (to walk) along the street when he (to meet) his friend.
  5. Jessica (not to have) dinner until she (to feed) her child.
  6. We (to wash) the dishes, (to sit) down at the table and (to have) dinner.
  7. When I (to come) home, my sister (to tell) me that she (to receive) a letter from her pen friend.
  8. When I (to open) the door, the guests (to listen) to music which I (record) yesterday.
  9. While she (to wash) the dishes, her husband (to dry) them.
  10. Jack (to check) all the information by 9 o’clock the day before yesterday.

KEY
1 were glad, had passed
2 played
3 was reading, was vacuuming
4 was walking, met
5 didn’t have, had fed
6 washed, sat, had
7 came, told, had received
8 opened, were listening, had recorded
9 was washing, was drying
10 had checked

IV. Put the verbs in brackets into the past simple, past continuous or past perfect tense.
1. Alison (not to go) to bed until she (to take) a shower.
2. My parents (to be) happy to know that I (enter) the university.
3. When I (to come) home, I (to see) that somebody (to break) the window in the bedroom.
4. When she (to enter) the room, the children (to play) the board game which they (to buy) yesterday.
5. Greg (to choose) the present by last Wednesday.
6. Tina (to lie) on the sand while her children (to swim) in the river.
7. It was evening. Sandra and Bob (to plant) trees, their child (to help) them. Suddenly they heard a strange cry of an animal.
8. I (to eat) chocolates and crisps when I was a teenager.
9. They (to come) into the café, (to sit) down at the table and (to order) two coffees.
10. Snow (to fall) heavily as we entered the village.

KEY
1. didn`t go; had taken
2. were; had entered
3. came; saw; had broken
4. entered; were playing; had bought
5. had chosen
6. was lying; were swimming
7. were planting; was helping
8. ate
9. came; sat; ordered
10. was falling


0 комментариев

Добавить комментарий

Ваш адрес email не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *